Ashley Creek Horse Company

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He dipped his head
and snorted at us.

We heard the miniature
thunder where he fled,

And we saw him....
Dim and gray,

Like a Shadow...

-Robert Frost-

Straight Egyptian

To qualify as a Straight Egyptian, as defined by The Pyramid Society, a horse must:

  • Be registered or eligible by pedigree for registration by the Arabian Horse Registry   of  America; AND
  • Trace in every line of its pedigree to horses born in Arabia Deserta; AND
  • Trace in every line of its pedigree to a horse which falls within one or more of the following categories:(a) owned or bred by Abbas Pasha I or Ali Pasha Sherif;(b) used to create and maintain the Royal Agricultural Society (RAS)/Egyptian Agricultural Organization (EAO) breeding programs, with the exclusion of Registan and Sharkasi and their lineal descendants;(c) a horse which was a lineal ancestor of a horse described in (a) or (b) above; or (d) other than those excluded above, a horse conceived and born in a private stud program in Egypt and imported directly to the United States and registered by the Arabian Horse Registry of America prior to the extension of the EAO's supervision to private Egyptian stud programs as reflected in Volume 4 of the EAO's stud book.


Egyptian Related

To be recognized as Egyptian-Sired, as defined by The Pyramid Society, a horse must be a purebred Arabian who is produced by breeding a Straight Egyptian stallion to a purebred Arabian mare who is not Straight Egyptian. beginning with horses born in 2005.

Prior to 2005, The Pyramid Society recognized a category of horses as Egyptian-Bred or Egyptian-Related.  As defined by The Pyramid Society, an Egyptian-bred or Egyptian-related horse was (a) one who was produced either by breeding a Straight Egyptian stallion to a purebred Arabian mare who is not Straight Egyptian OR (b) one whose grandsires are both Straight Egyptian, and whose dam is a purebred Arabian who is not Straight Egyptian.

** Only horses of certifiable ancestry are eligible for classification as Straight Egyptian or Egyptian-sired or Egyptian-Bred/Egyptian-Related as defined by The Pyramid Society, and for participation in Society-managed programs.

Sheykh Obeyd

Those Arabians who trace in all lines to the breeding programs of Abbas Pasha/Ali Pasha Sherif/Blunt/RAS. This breeding group consists of horses that are classified as Al Khamsa Arabians and descend solely in their pedigrees to any combination of 61 original desertbreds that make up the Egypt (49 desertbreds) and Blunt (12 desertbreds) Ancestral Elements as described in the reference book, Al Khamsa Arabians.

Al Khamsa

The horses of primary interest to Al Khamsa, which are called Al Khamsa Arabian Horses, are those horses in North America that can  reasonably be assumed to descend entirely from bedouin Arabian horses bred by horse breeding bedouin tribes of the deserts of the Arabian peninsula without admixture from sources unacceptable to Al Khamsa. Al Khamsa reserves the right to determine which horses are called Al Khamsa Arabian Horses.

The term "Al Khamsa" is the feminine form of the Arabic words for "The Five" and has traditionally been used in Arabia to refer to either the five favorite strains of the Prophet Mohammed, or the five favorite strains of any of the Bedouin tribes.

American Foundation

Arabian Horses originally imported into North America were characteristic of
the desert horse -- prized for their hardiness, substance, versatility,
stamina, soundness, athletic ability and intelligence, without sacrifice of
beauty and presence. The goal is to preserve and promote these qualities
valued by the early breeders of Arabian horses in America and to ensure that
horses with those same attributes will be available for future generations.

Early American Foundation Arabian Horses
Those horses whose ancestors trace 100% to the horses listed in AHR Volume V, registration numbers 1-2924.

American Foundation Arabian Horses
Those horses whose ancestors trace 100% to the horses listed in AHR Volumes I - X, registration numbers 1-16015. American Foundation-Bred Arabian Horses Those horses whose ancestors trace 75% to the horses listed in AHR Volumes I - X, registration numbers 1-16015.


CMK stands for "Crabbet-Maynesboro-Kellogg" and recognizes three programs which transmitted much of the central stock of what became North America's historical Arab-breeding tradition. "CMK" is a registered US trademark; rather than discouraging others from using it, we urge them to do so, as long as such use is in keeping with the CMK definition.
The definition was first modified during the preparation of that Catalogue to recognize the importance of the Selby and Hearst programs. The current definition, acknowledging a threat of genetic bottleneck in the trend to breed Arabians almost exclusively for narrowly focused show-ring applications, added a further qualification. A CMK Arabian must still carry a minimum 75% by pedigree of CMK founder ancestry as above. It must also trace in tail male to a CMK sire line, as summarized in the third CMK Heritage Catalogue of 1992, and in tail female to a family established in North America by 1950. A previously unstated assumption is now made explicit: CMK breeders will tend over time to increase the average founder percentage in their programs above the minimum 75%.

The Crabbet Arabian

*by Carol Mulder*

(First printed in the April 1992 issue of The Crabbet Influence magazine)

There seems to be confusion about the definition of 100% Crabbet, "Straight" Crabbet, and "Pure" Crabbet. 100% Crabbet, "Straight" Crabbet, and "Pure" Crabbet all mean the same thing. In this treatise I use the term 100% Crabbet for the sake of simplicity.

Crabbet Stud was founded in 1878 in Sussex, England, by Wilfred and Lady Anne Blunt. It was continued by the Blunt daughter, Judith, the famous Lady Wentworth. The stud's final owner was Cecil Covey. Crabbet Stud closed in 1971 after some 93 years of world renowned greatness.

A 100% Crabbet pedigree means that the pedigree traces in all</u> lines to Arabians which were:

1) Purchased and owned by Crabbet:

a) Original Blunt desert purchases and importations to Crabbet

b) Blunt importations to Crabbet of Ali Pasha Sherif and other Egyptian source stock.

c) Skowronek, bred by Antoniny Stud in Poland from all Polish non-Crabbet stock, but the major part of the stud career of this great horse was under Crabbet ownership; acquired for Crabbet by Lady Wentworth.

d) Jeruan, bred by Arthur J. Powdrill, of 87.5% Crabbet lines and 12.5% non-Crabbet lines; acquired for Crabbet by Lady Wentworth.

e) Dafina, desert-bred mare imported to England through King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia; acquired for Crabbet by Lady Wentworth.

f) Dargee, bred by George Ruxton from 84% Crabbet lines and 16% non-Crabbet lines, but an important Crabbet sire; acquired for Crabbet by Lady Wentworth.

2) Arabians bred by others which passed through the hands of Crabbet without being bred from by Crabbet:

a) *Mirage 790, desert bred, which Lady Wentworth much admired and bought to use, but sold to Selby in America when the General Stud Book (GSB) of England closed their books to new original desert stock.

b) El Lahr, bred by Miss Ethelred Dillon from a Crabbet-bred mare she owned, but exchanged back to Crabbet when El Lahr was a foal at foot. Crabbet owned El Lahr for approximately 2 years until she was sold to Boucaut in Australia. El Lahr left successful influence in Australia. Her pedigree is 50% Crabbet and 50% non-Crabbet.

3) Any purebred Arabian bred by Crabbet Stud, from any of the bloodlines used by that stud, between the years 1878 to 1971.

The non-Crabbet backgrounds of Skowronek, Jeruan, Dargee, and El Lahr are not considered Crabbet when found in pedigrees through sources other than Skowronek, Jeruan, Dargee, and El Lahr. These lines are all the Polish ancestry of Skowronek; Maidan and El Emir in Jeruan's pedigree; *Aldebar 1864, known as Aldebaran in England, and Shahzada in Dargee's pedigree; and El Lahr's sire, *Imamzada 210.

Some owners describe their Arabs as 100% Crabbet when the animals are no such thing, but are, instead, of largely Crabbet ancestry. I do not know of any owner who had erroneously proclaimed 100% Crabbet pedigree with intent to deceive; nearly always it is done because of lack of pedigree knowledge. However, it is not a good idea to say your horse 100% Crabbet unless you know - absolutely and with certainty - that it is. A few people take this very seriously, many times for all the wrong reasons.

Unless you are a dedicated 100% Crabbet breeder, perpetuating a nucleus gene pool of high quality 100% Crabbets for future use of the breed, pedigree percentages ought to be less important to you than a high standard of quality in your stock. Lady Wentworth, herself, was more concerned with setting and maintaining a type and quality standard than she was with breeding only within the then-established Crabbet bloodlines. She introduced significant new blood into the stud, but, of course, because it was Crabbet Stud, anything she brought into it became Crabbet.

There are relatively few 100% Crabbets in North America. The majority of our "Crabbet horses" here are to be found in the Crabbet/American breeding group. Crabbet ancestry, however, may also be found in many Polish, Egyptian, Russian, and Spanish breeding programs. Great Britain has a large number of 100% Crabbet Arabians and Australia may even have more.

There is widespread misuse of the term "Crabbet-bred." It can apply only to individuals actually bred by Crabbet Stud. There are not many Crabbet-bred Arabians still living; the youngest of them are now 20 years old (in 1992). When people misuse "Crabbet-bred", they actually mean "of Crabbet breeding" or "of Crabbet lineage." The differences in terminology mean vastly different things and care must be taken to say what is actually meant.

In my experience and travels, I have seen many fine 100% Crabbets. I have also seen many outstanding Arabians of Crabbet lineage. Some of the best Arabians I have seen during recent years have been the Crabbet blends. That is making the best possible use of the precious Crabbet lineage.

Quality is more important than pedigree or percentages, but some bloodlines have proven to produce certain types and qualities preferred by many people. The ideal, of course, is to have both quality and pedigree, but pedigree should never take the precedence over quality because that is a sure way to ruin a breeding program and gene pool.